HIV is a virus that is spread from person to person in a variety of ways. The most common ways for an individual to contract this virus is through coming in contact with blood from an infected person, vaginal fluids of an infected individual, or semen. Basically, any bodily fluid, aside from saliva can spread the HIV virus from one individual to the next.
HIV is commonly transmitted by having unprotected sexual relations with an infected individual. Unprotected sexual relations are performing sexual acts without any protective barriers, condoms for example. Another common way to contract the virus is by sharing needles for drug use with an infected individual. Once an individual has contracted HIV, they will continue to have the virus for the rest of their lives.
Even though it is possible to suppress the symptoms that are associated with the virus, it never goes away. To date, there are several treatments that can help increase the lifespan of an infected individual, but no treatments that can cure the condition. One of the most common treatment options that have been adopted is known as antiretroviral therapy or ART for short. This treatment method can reduce the risks associated with spreading the virus, but it is not a 100% cure.
HOW CAN I REDUCE MY RISKS OF INFECTION?
Unfortunately, anyone can contract the HIV virus if they do not take the proper precautions to guard against it. Knowing how to eliminate your chances of becoming infected with the virus is important. Honestly, there are not a lot of things that you need to do in order to decrease your chances of contracting HIV.
DO NOT HAVE SEX
Telling someone who is sexually active that they cannot have sex is kind of absurd. However, abstinence is a surefire way to ensure that you do not become infected. Sexual contact is the leading cause of HIV transmission. By choosing to not have sex, you are eliminating the number one way that the condition is spread.
The only way that you will know if you have the HIV virus is to be tested for it. In the past, many individuals believed that getting tested for the virus was a bad thing. They figured they would be looked at like they were a bad person, or dirty. However, in modern day society, it is important that people take the proper steps to protect themselves and others. By getting tested you can ensure that you do not have the virus, therefore, you cannot spread the virus to others.
If you are going to have sex, it is important that you do it safely. Contraceptives were not only invented to eliminate pregnancies, but they were also made to stop the spread of diseases. If you are going to engage in any type of sexual act with another individual, you should always use a condom. Regardless if the act is oral, vaginal, or anal, protect yourself and the individual that you are going to engage in the act with, by using protection.
LIMIT YOUR SEXUAL PARTNERS
If you are playing the field, you are taking a lot of unnecessary risks that you should not be taking. Limit the amount of sexual partners that you have, in order to protect yourself. If you are going to have sex with multiple people at the same time, make sure that you get yourself tested regularly, in order to ensure that you have not caught a disease and you are not spreading what you have contracted.
DO NOT USE DIRTY NEEDLES
Drug use has become a pressing problem in the modern day world. Drugs that require an individual to inject them, are not only harmful to the body, but also inhibit the spread of HIV. By not using dirty needles, or not engaging in injectable drug use, you eliminate your chances of contracting HIV.